Dwarf Holly. Many types of evergreen holly are thorny shrubs that are easy to grow and require little maintenance once the hedgerow is established. This plant is an attractive specimen in its own right, but also serves the purpose of pollinating nearby female holly plants so that they can produce berries. Rich and glossy forest-green foliage, along with vibrant red berries on some varieties, make Holly Shrubs the perfect option for a stylish ornamental during the winter. Share: With more than 400 species, hollies are one of the most diverse groups of plants. Holly Is there anything more quintessentially British than a holly tree? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. English holly grows rapidly 7 to 10 m tall, casting deep shade that deprives native plants of light. Most Holly … The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. Japanese Holly. Characteristics Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. The bright red berries that make holly so attractive don’t grow on the male plants of many varieties. Holly tree. The branches and twigs were also utilized by American Indians since they contain caffeine. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 feet tall, while others can reach 50 feet and higher! English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. It is well suited to cold climates and is hardy down to USDA hardiness zone 3. There are about 480 deciduous and evergreen species within this genus, including trees, shrubs, and climbing lianas. To ensure berry production, provide a 'Blue Prince' as a pollinator. They come in a range of s… The foliage of the plant has a leather-like texture, is dark green, and has moderately sharp spines. These were brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and then vomited back out. Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ is grown for its distinctive foliage – it has … The berries and leaves contain a variety of acids and tannins that can cause severe vomiting and diarrhea. Chinese hollies grow 10 to 15 feet tall, have dark, spiny leaves and can produce berries without a pollinator. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. These leaves will transform into a purple-yellow color in fall, before turning entirely yellow and falling to the ground. Pruning methods for hollies will differ based upon the type of holly and whether or not they produce berries, and the desired form and function in the landscape. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. How to Identify Types of Holly Bushes. Only the female plants produce berries, which are also a source of food for wildlife. I don't know the variety of holly. This bush is easy to take care of and makes a wonderful addition to the winter garden. Several dwarf hollies reach only 3 feet tall and make a fine border for a garden bed. Common identification markings can be found in the leaf structure, berries, blossoms, shape and size of the plant. Manner earlier than holly grew to become a normal Christmas tree; it was believed to be a particularly sacred plant by the Druids. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This particular cultivar grows only 3 to 6 feet tall, with tiny leaves that make it resemble a boxwood when viewed from a distance. Shrub types of holly bushes 18 species of holly plants. Find out how to grow holly trees in a container and growing condition holly Plant, Holly Plant Care etc. The American holly grows up to 60 feet tall and 35 feet wide, creating a commanding presence to the landscape. This shrub has slender evergreen foliage from which masses of tiny greenish-white flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. Winterberry holly, however, is an exception to the rule. Whether you want the more common Nellie Stevens or American Holly, these shrubs are … Also, like 'Hetz', it bears tiny leaves and black-colored berries. These types grow up to an average height of 2 to 13 feet. The Lowdown on Holly Plants. Consumption of the attractive berries is especially problematic since as few as 20 berries are enough to be fatal to a small child. Dwarf Cultivars. 15.Tem.2016 - When talking about holly bushes, most people don't know that the berries on these bushes were so useful that they were actually cultivated in medieval Europe to provide food for cattle. Special Features: Decorative winter branches. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. Tree form plants will command much more attention than the same plant in shrub form. Holly shrubs can be used hedges, foundation plantings, border screens, or even as specimen plants or rain garden plants. When choosing the best type of bush or decorative shrub for your yard, it’s important to look for low maintenance varieties. The tree is densely branched and has a beautiful symmetry to it. Home > Plant Identification > 100+ Different Types of Bushes and Shrubs. Written by: Carol Sarao. The spruce david. Different Types of Holly Trees Nellie Stevens Holly: A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, this medium tree is one of our most popular privacy hedges. By Robin Sweetser. Holly of any type require no pruning at all. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos), 8 Dwarf Shrubs For Small Gardens & Spaces, 7 Best Plants For Hedges (Pictures & Growing Information), Red Tip Photinia Plants - Our Best Tips to Grow and Care For Fraser's photinia. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Within this specific genus, there are around 480 evergreen and deciduous plants. Holly Trees And Bushes Encompass More Than Plant SpeciesThe Majority Of These Are Dioecious So They Require Both A Male And Female Plant Within Pollination Distance Of Each Other In Order For The Female To Produce FruitsHolly Can Be Evergreen Or Deciduous And Range Greatly In Size And Shape. The foliage grows from dark purple stems, and is small, glossy, and very spiny, like a hedgehog. ; Hollies are dioecious; male plants produce pollen, and female plants produce berries. They are hardy and can be pruned severely. (EYE-leks) The Ilex genus contains more than 780 evergreen and 30 deciduous species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. From mass plantings in your flower beds to colorful screens along your driveway, the Oregon Grape Holly Shrub serves as a one-of-a-kind evergreen shrub that does it all. They grow best in zones 2 to 7, and they need partial sun to thrive. Hollies are also especially fast-growing, with Nellie Stevens Holly topping the list at 3 feet per year. Variegation usually occurs in yellow or cream. Too, if a large holly as outgrown the space it was intended to fill, and is growing out and over a walkway, tree forming can be an option that allows people to walk under the tree. It suckers rather profusely, but cultivars such as 'Shamrock' are better behaved in this regard. Zones: 5-8 Botanical name: Ilex crenata Shrub type: Evergreen Native: Asia Growing conditions: This evergreen shrub or small tree can adapt to a wide range of soil conditions and is tolerant of drought, shade and urban pollution. It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. Slow release shrub fertilizer mixed with soil. Due to its ability to cope with wet soil, it is one of the few holly plants which do not require well-draining soil. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. If you are keen to grow a holly hedge on your property, then there should be a type of holly you can find to suit your climate, as long as you are not in a climate with extreme heat or extreme cold. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Nellie Stevens is a popular tree-form type in the American Southeast, though in most parts of the country, it is the shrub forms that are more popular. They are dark green, with a glossy finish. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, 'Blue Princess' Holly (lIex x meserveae 'Blue Princess'), 'Hetz' Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'), 'Sky Pencil' Holly (Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil'). Holly trees are dioecious, meaning there are both male and female trees. These smaller shrubs can also be used as hedges and foundation plantings, and there is a dwarf holly for all areas of Florida. A lone Holly tree in the fields. They are both part of the Ilex genus family of plants, which happens to be the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. They tolerate hot temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 6. 'Blue Princess' is not so much blue, as a dark green with a bluish cast. Other names and varieties that come under the Japanese Holly are Convexa, Microphylla, Dwarf Pagoda, Green Lustre, etc. This deciduous holly gets its name from the golden orange berries it produces in abundance throughout winter, following the green-white flowers that arrive late in the season, from late spring to summer. Frozen Red Berries with Green Leaves. It has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society (Royal Horticultural Society). At the time I suspected something had destroyed the roots, or maybe the roots were too wet from all the rain. That’s Latin. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. Previous owner planted it about 19 years ago. Identify the type of holly bush by the leaves. See more ideas about holly bush, front yard landscaping, lawn and garden. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. 'Hetzii' is a shrubby cultivar of the Ilex crenata species, commonly called Japanese holly. The growth forms also can vary from upright to weeping types. View our range of holly below. Plus, they do not require heaps of water once established which makes it a beneficial shrub in areas that can be prone to spells of drought. Types of Holly Bushes. (Job's brand) 4X4 spacing Since some can grow over 60-feet tall, you will want to research their growth habit before you pick one out. 6 Picture Gallery: 12 Different Types of Holly Bushes and Trees . Nov 16, 2015 - With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. This holly grows 3 to 12 feet tall, with the dark-green toothed leaves common to hollies. Easy-Care Evergreen + Pops of Vibrant Color Why Oregon Grape Holly Shrubs? Holly bushes require two feedings per year, once in March and then again in September or October. Holly plant is attractive and valuable for its bright leaves and colorful berries. Berry Poppins® Winterberry Holly. With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. This is another black-berried holly shrub, thus its common name, inkberry. But the similarities end there. There are native holly plants spread throughout the tropical and temperate regions of the world. The cultivar name of this plant gives a good indication of its signature feature—this is a bush that is extremely narrow relative to its height. Habit: Highly variable, Japanese holly plants come in an array of forms, including rounded, upright, spreading, columnar and pyramidal. This holly produces pure white blooms towards the end of spring, which will develop into glistening red berries when pollinated by a male counterpart. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. Dwarf Yaupon Holly. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. It is a deciduous shrub with deep green, ovate leaves that have serrated edges. Certain holly bushes also bloom during specific seasons. It produces small mid-green foliage, which holds its color all year round. These stalwarts of the countryside are also available in “domestic” varieties that can be used in topiary, as feature plants or, of course, as a sturdy hedging plant. But it also plays an important role in residential landscapes. The branches are densely packed together and adorned with tiny leather-like leaves, which are bright medium green in color. Our other hollies lack spines on the leaves. These bushes are dark evergreen plants with bright-colored berries which serve as a great source of food for birds and herbivores. Like all holly plants, the American holly tree is dioecious, which means that a plant will either be male or female. Spring, a variegated type with irregular bands of yellow on the leaves. Unlike 'Blue Princess', this bush bears black-colored berries. This narrow holly shrub has a pyramid shape that works well in containers or as a standalone specimen plant. There is no doubt that evergreen Holly shrubs are much loved by both people and wildlife thanks to the bright red berries, they are great value and can live up to 300 years! Holly with Red Berries. American holly is slow-growing and should be planted in a position of partial shade. Identify holly bushes by looking at various parts of the plant. Written on: July 14, 2020. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com. The different types of hollies in this group include Burfordii, which is one of the most popular cultivars for hedges, and O. This last option by far takes the longest. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Generally, we tolerate a plant's being deciduous, but we prefer it when it is clothed in foliage. 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Along with the plants' attractive foliage, these red berries make the plant sufficiently pleasing to the eye to warrant using it as a specimen plant. Native to the US, this plant has a good tolerance of wet and soggy soils, so it is ideal for planting in boggy soils or along streams and riverbanks. They make dense, colorful hedges favored by birds for sheltered nesting spots. Types of Holly and Holly Bushes With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. This is where the holly gets its botanical species name of Ilex vomitoria. Japanese hollies are small bushes, 3 to 10 feet tall, with spineless leaves and black berries. By: Callie Barber 21 September, 2017. This dwarf evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes it well suited to container growing. There's a lot more information about these wondrous plants that could make you marvel on its value. It prefers moist soil, but it does have some tolerance against drought when established. The Soft Touch Holly bares black berries in the winter months and tiny flowers in the spring for added interest. Aug 8, 2015 - Explore Pamela Ridgell's board "Holly bushes" on Pinterest. When planted in favorable sites, they are more disease resistant and hardy. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. It has red berries that make for winter interest, provided you can keep the wild birds from eating them. The difference between a shrub and a tree is rather ambiguous. Learn more. By Robin Sweetser. It can grow from seed (in berries) and vegetatively. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Holly trees and shrubs fall within the Ilex genus of plants—the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. Some of the options for getting rid of the holly bush are to remove it and its roots with a backhoe, pull it out by rope with your car or poison it. Damn, that’s a lot of holly. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in Zone 6. The berries persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the skeletal frame of the tree once all the leaves have dropped. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. Most types of Japanese holly do not grow beyond 12 feet in height. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Some holly can grow into trees while others take a bush formation. The Holly shrub, botanically known as Ilex, is a genus comprising of about 400 species. With the arrival of spring comes a mass of tiny creamy green flowers, which on female plants will develop into bright orange-red berries if pollinated by a male holly. Help managing my Holly tree Hello all! Identify holly bushes by looking at various parts of the plant. See more on hollies: How to Grow Holly Bushes Types of Holly. Make sure you choose a plant that’s the right size for your landscape — and that will thrive in your climate. Holly and Berries image by TMLP from Fotolia.com. Determining the type of holly you are dealing with will help you plan the best pruning for that specific bush. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Types of Holly and Holly Bushes . If you’re looking for a holly plant for your garden, read on to learn about some of the best types of holly bushes and trees available for a range of different climates. Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Pyramidal forms can be lightly shaped, while bushy types can be sheared into hedging and topiaries. Alternatively, another use for this holly shrub in foundation plantings is at the corners of a house (for a "bookend" effect). When a shrub in the landscape drops its leaves, it is seldom a cause for celebration. Holly Bushes for Zone 4. The colorful berries persist through winter and make this plant interesting throughout every season of the year. Special Features: Winter hardy to low temperatures. Holly plants are available in two forms; holly trees and holly scrubs. Its dark green foliage appears glossy in the sunlight with bits of yellow throughout. Although many species can reach upwards 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height. They are produced on purple stems along with small white blooms in spring. Specimen holly. This compact holly bush forms a neat pyramid shape, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all. Bushes and shrubs are woody, perennial plants that can take a variety of shapes, colors, and forms. Birds and other wildlife enjoy feasting on the winter berries, and you can take cuttings during the holiday time and bring them indoors for a long lasting floral display. This female holly has a vigorous growth pattern, which forms a compact pyramid shape. Both male and female holly plants will produce an abundance of greenish-white flowers in spring, but only those on a female holly that have been pollinated by a male will develop into showy berries. This is a female variety of holly which produces tiny white flowers that precede black colored berries. The foliage is deep green, narrow, and smooth-edged, with tips that are flushed with red in spring. Green Holly Bushes. … Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. They are also found in parts of Asia and Africa. New southern living plant collection 2 5 qt. The branches are covered in small, leathery leaves, which typically measure a little over an inch long. That said, they respond well to it. Learn more about each type to find the right fit for your garden. Now we offer you the solution – the Blue Prince and Princess Holly Bush. In fact, some trees have “dwarf” varieties that look much more like a bush than a tree. The berries are generally black, but on some Japanese Holly bushes, they are a shade of golden yellow. Look for a variety that does not need a male plant in order to produce berries, or else plant a female and male plant close together. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. There is no doubt that evergreen Holly shrubs are much loved by both people and wildlife thanks to the bright red berries, they are great value and can live up to 300 years! Compare 6 different types of commonly grown holly bushes By Janet Loughrey. Chinese Holly (I. cornuta) These evergreen shrubs have dark green leaves with pronounced spines. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. Your email address will not be published. and cvs. Ilex spp. The Ilex genus that includes hollies is a very broad one, ranging from cultivars like 'Helleri' that function as ground covers, to Ilex opaca, which can grow as high as 50 feet. These fast-growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions. The Beauty of Holly Without the Bite This dense, soft-textured evergreen has a nice, dome-shaped form that looks lovely as a low foundation shrub or hedge. Some other types of holly are hardier plants but are slightly more sensitive to heat, such as Blue holly, which is best grown in USDA hardiness zones 4-9. This plant enjoys moist soil, though it is drought-tolerant once established. The dark green, leathery leaves grow over 3 inches long and are fringed with small spines. Many varieties of holly offer variegated leaves. Like the 'Hetz' cultivar, 'Sky Pencil' is an Ilex crenata (Japanese holly). Holly shrubs belong to the genus Ilex, which includes more than 400 different species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, trees and climbing plants. The leaves have the familiar glossy dark green color, but without the sharp teeth found on most hollies. This evergreen holly has an upright habit and dense growth pattern and can take the form of a small tree or large shrub. A male plant must grow within 30 to 40 feet of a female for good fruit production. It needs moist soil to thrive and shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. These evergreen hedging plants have leaves with spiked edges that help keep trespassers out of your yard. If you live in zone 4, your best choices are simple – the Meserve Hollies with the original ‘Blue’ names of Mrs. Meserve. January 29, 2019 . They can grow up to considerable heights like 60 feet and above. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. Caution. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. At a mature height of between six and ten feet, with a spread of between four and five feet, this shrub works well as hedging and offers year-round interest. If space is limited, sometimes a tree will fit where a shrub won't. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? Japanese Holly (I. crenata) Japanese hollies are generally softer in texture than Chinese hollies. American holly is the only one with the leaf blades tipped with a spine and the margins of the leaf blades usually also with spine-tipped teeth. Its roots effectively out-compete many native species for nutrients and water; it is a notorious water hog, thus preventing native plants from obtaining sufficient water. This plant flowers abundantly in spring with tiny white flowers that can develop to shiny bright red berries when pollinated. This male holly is a dwarf variety that grows to between three and six feet tall. The female clone of lIex x meserveae is a 3- to 12-foot shrub with the familiar glossy, toothed leaves common to most hollies. Holly Plant Care: It Takes Two! With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. The English Holly ( Ilex aquifolium ), is not hardy below zone 6, and the best choices for zone 5 are Japanese Holly ( Ilex crenata ), American Holly ( Ilex opaca ), and the Meserve hybrid hollies. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. The foliage is quite large, around three inches in length, and is ovate with toothed edges. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. This plant has an architectural look, with an upright growth habit that forms a tall and slender column shape which does not need to be pruned. These types of bushes have a very dense growth habit, and it makes it difficult to see through them. Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. And year-round visual interest is a guarantee. For smaller spaces and even containers, consider a dwarf holly. Last summer one bush started turning brown branch by branch and soon was completely dead. As soon as the first frost of the winter season hits them their purplish green foliage turns all black. WINTERBERRY. More From Doityourself Related Posts. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. How to Use Evergreen Shrubs in the Landscape The berries of holly plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including cats and dogs (though not birds). But as with all types of Ilex, you need a male and a female if you want the pleasure of a berry crop, since these are dioecious plants in which each specimen has either male or female flowers. As a trade-off for being rather plain-looking, inkberry is tolerant of a wide variety of challenging conditions, ranging from too much shade to too much moisture in the soil. These types of easy to grow shrubs can transform your garden with minimal … This is a female holly which is native to the east of North America. Different types of holly bushes are used widely in flower gardens all across Europe and America. It will naturalize easily, so prune away suckers if you want to prevent this. This plant is not easily identifiable as a type of holly, and instead commonly gets mistaken for boxwood. The choice to prune is up to you. Scientific Name: Ilex aquifolium ‘Ferox Argentea’. This is an incredibly decorative type of holly, the winter branches of which are commonly used as decorating throughout the festive season. Altaclere Holly (Ilex x altaclerensis) Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. This species has an even greater tendency to sucker and spread than most hollies. Also known as ‘meadow holly,’ this is a loosely branched tree that forms a wide, open, rounded shape. It has a slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its many slender branches. Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. It has a variety of landscape uses but is most often massed or used to attract birds. In late winter before new growth emerges, thin out branches if plants appear overgrown. Timing. The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. Since most are evergreen and many have colorful berries, they are a boon to the snowy landscape, making them symbolic of winter and the Christmas season. The German hybrids have more European Holly in them, and they are not as hardy. Botanical Accuracy Kissing Under The Mistletoe Or Is It Holly. The berries should not be ingested and can cause stomach irritation if eaten. You can also plant decorative bushes with various colors of leaves such as purple, red, and multicolored ones. A popular specimen holly is the Highclere (Ilex x altaclerensis), which reaches 20 to 30 feet in a handsome pyramid shape, is cold tolerant and has large red berries.